Root canal treatment is needed when the blood or nerve supply of the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected through decay or injury.
Root canal treatment is a procedure carried out to remove the infected pulp tissue from inside the tooth before the pulp space is filled to prevent further infection.
Root canal treatment is often used to save a damaged tooth when the only other alternative is to extract it. If the pulp becomes contaminated, damaged, or infected the tooth will effectively die and can lead to a tooth abscess and toothache.
With modern local anaesthetic agents and techniques, root canal treatment need not be painful.
Root canal treatment is a complex procedure and usually involves two or more visits. The first visit involves removing the infected nerve, draining any infection, and shaping the canals with fine flexible files ready to be filled. A temporary filling is placed and the tooth is allowed to settle. The canals are checked at the second visit and if the canals are free from an infection they are permanently filled with Gutta Percha and an antibacterial sealant.
Root canal treatment is a procedure with a very predictable success rate and is offered as an alternative to extraction.
It is recommended by us, the dental profession, and dental advisory bodies to keep as many of your natural teeth as possible and avoid dental extractions.